Both in worship and in portrayals of the divine, Hindus are infatuated with lotus flowers. The very name of the Hindu worship ritual, puja, can be translated as “flower act.”
From muddy waters beauty emerges, and lotus shall always rise above the mud. In Buddhism, lotus is associated with purity, spiritual awakening and faithfulness. The flower is considered pure because it is able to emerge from murky waters in the morning and be perfectly clean.
According to Hinduism, within each human is the spirit of the sacred lotus. It represents eternity, purity, divinity, and is widely used as a symbol of life, fertility, ever-renewing youth. The lotus is used to describe feminine beauty, especially female eyes.
In the Bhagavad Gita, a human is adjured to be like the lotus > one should work without attachment, dedicating all actions to God, untouched by sin like water on a lotus leaf, like a beautiful flower standing high above the mud and water.
In hatha yoga asanas, padmasana, is adopted by those striving to reach the highest level of consciousness, which itself is found in the thousand-petalled lotus chakra at the top of the head.